No one knows you No one cares about a single violin. Stalingrad - Lyrics.
No one knows you No one cares about a single violin Play the score of the damned Know the devil within. The Battle of Stalingrad July 17, Feb. Situated on the western bank of the Volga River, Stalingrad was a center of heavy industry and transshipment by rail and river but, being the namesake of the leader of the Red Army, its great propaganda value was the true value of the city.
The battle for the city turned into one of the bloodiest in World War II with combined casualty numbers near two-million.
Individual streets were fought over using hand-to-hand combat. Even the sewers were the sites of firefights. Another Soviet soldier recalled a fallen peer "whose skin and fingernails on his right hand had been completely torn off. The eyes had been burnt out and he had a wound on his left temple made by a red-hot piece of iron. The right half of his face had been covered with a flammable liquid and ignited.
By October , Soviet defenses were on the brink of collapse. The Soviet position was so desperate that the soldiers had their backs literally up against the river.
By this point, German machine gunners could actually hit the resupply barges that were crossing the water. Most of Stalingrad was now under German control, and it looked like the battle was about to be over. But in November, the Soviets' fortunes began to turn. German morale was evaporating due to increasing losses, physical exhaustion, and the approach of the Russian winter. The Soviet forces began a decisive counteroffensive to liberate the city. On November 19, following a plan created by famed Soviet Gen. Georgy Zhukov, the Soviets launched Operation Uranus to liberate the city.
Zhukov masterminded the Red Army attack from both sides of the German attack line with , Soviet troops, tanks, and 1, aircraft. Against the advice of his commanders, Hitler ordered Gen. Paulus to hold his army's position at all costs.
Friedrich Paulus of Germany was found in an emaciated state after the Nazis finally surrendered. Paulus was forbidden from trying to fight his way west and out of the city, and with no land passage available, his soldiers had to be resupplied by air drops from the German Luftwaffe. As winter set in, the Germans inside Stalingrad were freezing to death, running out of supplies, and starving on short rations.
A typhus epidemic hit, with no medications available. Stories of cannibalism began to spread from the city. In December, a rescue attempt was mounted from outside the city. It was an effort dubbed Operation Winter Storm. By the end, the German 6th Army had been trapped in the battle of Stalingrad for almost three months facing disease and starvation and low on ammunition, and there was little left to do than die within the city.
About 45, men had already been captured, and another , were dead inside and around the city. Rescue attempts had been defeated by the Soviets, and the Luftwaffe, which was dropping supplies by air to provide the only food available to the trapped Germans, could only supply one third of what was needed. On Jan. Friedrich Paulus: If he surrendered within 24 hours, his soldiers would be safe, fed, and given the medical care they needed. But Paulus, on orders from Hitler himself, refused. The Germans believed that by prolonging the Battle of Stalingrad, the Germans would weaken the Soviets' efforts on the rest of the Eastern Front.
Days later, Hitler doubled down on Paulus, sending him word that he had been promoted to Field Marshal, and reminding him that no one of that high rank had ever surrendered. But the warning didn't matter — Paulus officially surrendered the next day. When Soviet officers entered Stalingrad after the German surrender, they found Paulus "seemed to have lost all his courage.
We see Mussolini. When the German offensive finally commenced, they were met by a storm of mines and artillery fire that eventually destroyed hundreds of tanks and left a total of some , men dead on both sides. That offensive momentum which the fascists had is falling off with each day, although they are trying to gathering all reinforcements possible and throw them in, in order to maintain the combat potential of their units at the same level, and keep the initiative in their hands. Forged from a partnership between a university press and a library, Project MUSE is a trusted part of the academic and scholarly community it serves. He needed to be given correct guidance and, so to speak, the trust of the generals.
It stank beyond belief," according to Maj. Anatoly Soldatov. Some estimate that more than 90 percent of the surrendered Germans would not survive Soviet captivity for long.
Of the , who had occupied Stalingrad, barely 5, survived the war. Paulus and his second-in-command, Gen. Walther von Seydlitz-Kurzbach, however, found a way to stay alive. They cooperated with Soviet officials through the "Free Germany Committee," a propaganda group composed of war prisoners who broadcast anti-Nazi messages. Paulus and Seydlitz would go on to become highly vocal critics of the Nazis for the rest of the war. In the end, it was the fight against the Soviets, not against western Europe, that led to the Nazis' defeat.
After the Battle of Stalingrad, even the tone of the Nazi propaganda changed. The loss had been so devastating that it could not be denied, and it was the first time that Hitler publicly acknowledged defeat.
Joseph Goebbels, Hitler's propaganda specialist, gave a speech after the Battle stressing the mortal danger that Germany faced, and calling for total warfare against the east. Thereafter, they launched Operation Citadel, attempting to destroy the Red Army at the Battle of Kursk , but they would fail yet again. Next, take a look at 54 photos of the Battle of the Bulge that capture the Nazis' last-ditch counteroffensive. By Natasha Ishak.
Like this gallery? Share it: Share Tweet Email. Women digging near damaged train tracks during the Battle of Stalingrad.
Dead bodies covered by snow in Stalingrad. An airplane wreckage lies in Stalingrad, with a devastated building in the background. The number of civilian casualties of the Battle is unknown but estimates believed that tens of thousands were killed, while tens of thousands more were captured and forced into slave camps in Germany.
A musician carrying a cello in a street in Stalingrad. The German bombardment turned Stalingrad into a mass of ruins.
A Russian soldier raising the Soviet flag in Stalingrad. A Soviet soldier examining a massive German bomb. Liberation of Stalingrad finally came in German prisoners huddle with soldiers from other Axis countries after the defeat of the German Army at Stalingrad. Tanks used in the fight for Stalingrad. Soldiers face an explosion in the thick of battle in Stalingrad. Soviet soldiers defend Stalingrad.
A Soviet soldier aids his injured comrade as others run past in the ruins of Stalingrad. A dead soldier lies in barbed wire with tanks advancing in the background. A Soviet war correspondent tries to reach the front lines near Stalingrad. In the winter cold, a Russian soldier writes in his notebook during the Battle of Stalingrad. Soviet soldiers huddle around a fire in Stalingrad to fight the cold.
An astonishing memoir of Stalingrad survivor. A vivid firsthand account of the horrific battle which changed the course of WWII. The book is in three languages. Ljubov Sladkova-Avetisian was born in Stalingrad in Her school education was interrupted by the WWII in September She lost her close family and.
Soviet soldiers advance through the snow in Stalingrad. Red Army soldiers engage in street fighting with the Germans in Stalingrad. Soviet soldiers in winter camouflage clothing in Stalingrad. On the left is celebrated Soviet sniper Vasily Zaytsev. Soldiers taking aim during urban fighting in Stalingrad's streets.